Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum)

The tomato (see pronunciation) is the edible fruit of Solanum lycopersicum, commonly known as a tomato plant, which belongs to the nightshade family, Solanaceae. The species originated in Central and South America. The Nahuatl (Aztec language) word tomatl gave rise to the Spanish word "tomate", from which the English word tomato originates. Its use as a food originated in Mexico, and spread throughout the world following the Spanish colonization of the Americas. Tomato is consumed in diverse ways, including raw, as an ingredient in many dishes, sauces, salads, and drinks. While tomatoes are botanically berry-type fruits, they are considered culinary vegetables, being ingredients of savory meals. Numerous varieties of tomato are widely grown in temperate climates across the world, with greenhouses allowing its production throughout the year and in cooler areas. The plants typically grow to 1–3 meters (3–10 ft) in height and have a weak stem that often sprawls over the ground and vines over other plants. It is a perennial in its native habitat, and grown as an annual in temperate climates. An average common tomato weighs approximately 100 grams (4 oz).

Nama latin dalam sebutan lain (Sinonim)

Lycopersicon cerasiforme Dunal
Lycopersicon cerasiforme cerasiforme
Lycopersicon cerasiforme cognitum Mazk.
Lycopersicon cerasiforme leptophyllum Dunal
Lycopersicon cerasiforme rotundilobum Mazk.
Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.
Lycopersicon esculentum bukasovii Mazk.
Lycopersicon esculentum cerasiforme (Dunal) A.Gray
Lycopersicon esculentum cerasiforme (Dunal) Alef.
Lycopersicon esculentum colombianum Mazk.
Lycopersicon esculentum commune L.H.Bailey
Lycopersicon esculentum cydonicum Alef.
Lycopersicon esculentum esculentum
Lycopersicon esculentum esculentum
Lycopersicon esculentum esculentum
Lycopersicon esculentum galenii (Mill.) Luckwill
Lycopersicon esculentum grandifolium L.H.Bailey
Lycopersicon esculentum humboldtii (Willd.) Luckwill
Lycopersicon esculentum humboltii (Willd.) Alef.
Lycopersicon esculentum humboltii (Willd.) Brezhnev
Lycopersicon esculentum leptophyllum (Dunal) D'Arcy
Lycopersicon esculentum luteum Alef.
Lycopersicon esculentum macrocalyx Mazk.
Lycopersicon esculentum myrobalaneum Alef.
Lycopersicon esculentum pyriforme (Dunal) Alef.
Lycopersicon esculentum pyriforme (Dunal) C.H.Mull.
Lycopersicon esculentum pyriforme L.H.Bailey
Lycopersicon esculentum umbertianum Mazk.
Lycopersicon esculentum validum L.H.Bailey
Lycopersicon esculentum vulgare Alef.
Lycopersicon esculentum vulgare L.H.Bailey
Lycopersicon galenii Mill.
Lycopersicon humboldtii (Willd.) Dunal
Lycopersicon lycopersicum (L.) Farw.
Lycopersicon lycopersicum (L.) H.Karst.
Lycopersicon lycopersicum cerasiforme (Dunal) M.R.Almeida
Lycopersicon lycopersicum commune (L.H.Bailey) Farw.
Lycopersicon macrophyllum Guss.
Lycopersicon philippinarum Dunal
Lycopersicon pomumamoris Moench
Lycopersicon pyriforme Dunal
Lycopersicon spurium Link
Solanum humboldtii Willd.
Solanum luridum Salisb., nomen nudum
Solanum lycopersicum cerasiforme (Dunal) D.M.Spooner, G.J.Anderson & R.K.Jansen
Solanum lycopersicum cerasiforme (Dunal) Fosberg
Solanum lycopersicum esculentum (Mill.) Voss
Solanum lycopersicum oviforme Voss
Solanum pomiferum Cav.
Solanum pruniforme Voss
Solanum pseudolycopersicum Jacq.
Solanum racemigerum Vilm. ex T.Moore, nomen nudum
Solanum spurium J.F.Gmel.

Sebutan umum dalam berbagai bahasa

Sebutan Negara Bahasa
Acme
Assimoen
Atlantic Prize
Batz'i chichol
Black Tomata
blondot
Camatis
Canada Victor
Chemin
Cherry fruited tomato
Cherry tomato
cherry tomatoes
Chichol ok
Citaltomate
Common tomato
cuatomale
Cuatomate
Currant Tomato
Dwarf Champion
Earliest All
Early Advance
Early Red Apple
Early Ruby
Emperor
Essex Hybrid
Extra Early
Fan chieh
Garden tomato;
Golden Sunrise
Greer's Selected Trophy;
Guatomate;
Ichil ok;
Ixe rambo xkika;
Jaltomate;
Jaltomate;Ojo de venado;
Jeho nan tera sal (wild tomato);
Jitomate de capulín;
Jitomate var. Gala
Jitomate var. Rio Grande
Jitomate;
Jitomatillo;
Jitomatito;
Kamalis;
Kamitis marikanu;
King Hemmbert;
Large Yellow;
Livingston's Beauty;
Livingston's Buckeye State;
Livingston's Dwarf Aristocrat;
Livingston's Favorite;
Livingston's Perfection;
Livingston's Round Red;
Livingstone's Garden Ball;
Livingstone's Golden Queen;
Lorillard;
Love apple;
Ma keur keur;
ma kew kew
makena som
Makyu sum?;
Mal de ojo;
Masehual;Pais p'ak;
Matamba
Meikado W Turner Hybrid;
Miltomate;
New Golden Peach;
New Meeten;
New Northern Light;
New Paragon;
New Ponderosa;
o tamate
Ohia;
Ojo de venado;
Optimus;
Ornament dwarf tomato;
P'aak (tomate);
P'aak;
P'aak;Tomate;
Pais pak tomate socaro;
Pak juj;
Paradies-Gold apfel
Paragon;
Pecoh;
Plum-shaped Yellow;
Pomme d'amour
Pomun amoris;
Potato Leaf;
Puritan;
Quantomate;
Quta beyd el giddi;
ranti gendel
Red cherry tomato
Red Cherry Tomato;
Red Cherry;
Red Pear Shaped;
Red pear tomato
Salad tomato;
Tamako;
Tamata;
Tamatem;
The Hervey;
Thuburn's Lemon Blush;
Thuburn's New Jersey;
Thuburn's Terracotta;
Thurburn's Longkeeper;
Tinguaraco;
Tinguaraque;
Tinoeg oeram;
Tioeng oeraba;
Tioeng oeram-oeram;
Toamte silvestre;
Tomat;
Tomatas
Tomate
Tomate común serrano;
Tomate común;
Tomate de monte;
tomate de panteón
Tomate de panteón;
Tomate del lugar;
Tomate del monte;
Tomate juagillo;
Tomate muido
Tomate pajarito;
Tomate pera;
Tomate redondo;
Tomate salvaje;
Tomate zacate;
Tomate;
Tomate;P'aak;
Tomate;Tomate de monte;
Tomate;Tomatillo;
Tomate;Tukuna;
Tomatera;
tomates
tomates kaputi
Tomates;
Tomati;
Tomatillo
Tomatillo cereza;
Tomatillo cimarron;
Tomatillo;
Tomatito de uva;
Tomatito;
Tomato "sugar";
Tomato Ashme;
Tomato Atlantic Prize;
Tomato Buckeye State;
Tomato Dwarf Champion;
Tomato Henderson's Crimson Cushion;
Tomato Large Round Yellow;
Tomato Livigstone's Favorite;
Tomato Livingston's Perfection;
Tomato Livingstone's Beauty;
Tomato Pear Shaped Red;
Tomato Ponderosa;
Tomato Stone;
Tomato;
Tomatoe;
tomatoes
Tomte juagillo;
Tomte silvestre;
Tomte;
Tsulub p'ak;
Tzatz pak;
Volunteer;
Wild tomato;
Xitomatl;Jitomate;
Yellow cherry
Yellow Cherry;
Yellow Pear Shaped;
Zunumbaak;Wild tomato;
Tomate Aleria Piaguaje - inf
Tomate indigene;Tomate Banda
Fan Cantonese
tomates halen tano Guamanian name
Camates Ib dialect?
kamatin an oongal Ifugao
kantih an iitang Ifugao
Kamatih an oongal Ifugao dialect
Kigbopki M
kamalis Malay (individual language)
Pak' Maya
Jitomate;Xiltomatl Nahuatl
Tomate fino Spanish
Tomate criollo, Tomate spanish, Tacana
o tamate Tobelorese
Tomate del chiquito;Pajcha Totonaco
Tomate;Pajcha Totonaco
Tomate;Pajicha Totonaco
Tomate;Palhcha Totonaco
Chichol ok Tzeltal
Ichil ok Tzeltal
Batz'i chichol Tzotzil
Bik'tal chichol Tzotzil

Kutipan

Knapp S., Walley L., Bohs L., Nee M. & Spooner D. (eds) (2017). Solanaceae Source (version 200811, Nov 2008). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 2017 Annual Checklist (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Bailly N., Kirk P.M., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., Nieukerken E. van, Zarucchi J., Penev L., eds.). Digital resource at www.catalogueoflife.org/annual-checklist/2017. Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-884X.

Info database

Informasi ini disediakan oleh database Solanaceae Source. Anda bisa melihat informasi ini lebih detail melalui tautan http://www.nhm.ac.uk/research-curation/research/projects/solanaceaesource/taxonomy/description-detail.jsp?taxa=3601

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