Ikan nila (Oreochromis niloticus)

Ikan nila adalah sejenis ikan konsumsi air tawar. Ikan ini diintroduksi dari Afrika, tepatnya Afrika bagian timur, pada tahun 1969, dan kini menjadi ikan peliharaan yang populer di kolam-kolam air tawar di Indonesia sekaligus hama di setiap sungai dan danau Indonesia. Nama ilmiahnya adalah Oreochromis niloticus, dan dalam bahasa Inggris dikenal sebagai Nile Tilapia.

Persebaran spesies

Africa: naturally occurring in coastal rivers of Israel (Ref. 5166), Nile basin (including lake Albert, Edward and Tana), Jebel Marra, Lake Kivu, Lake Tanganyika, Awash River, various Ethiopian lakes, Omo River system, Lake Turkana, Suguta River and Lake Baringo (Ref. 2). In West Africa natural distribution covers the basins of the Senegal, Gambia, Volta, Niger, Benue and Chad, with introduced specimens reported from various coastal basins (Ref. 53405). Widely introduced for aquaculture, with many existing strains. Several countries report adverse ecological impact after introduction. The following subspecies were previously recognized: Oreochromis niloticus baringoensis, Oreochromis niloticus cancellatus, Oreochromis niloticus eduardianus, Oreochromis niloticus filoa, Oreochromis niloticus niloticus, Oreochromis niloticus sugutae, Oreohromis niloticus tana and Oreohromis niloticus vulcani. 86423 0

Sebutan umum dalam berbagai bahasa

Sebutan Negara Bahasa
Gmnit Ethiopia
Ihere Uganda
Kiumbwi Zambia
Mahere Uganda
Matole Uganda
Sibore Kenya
Sopore Kenya
Logokpa Ghana Adangme
Oro Uganda Alur
Zogora Uganda Alur
Zogoro Uganda Alur
Koroso Ethiopia Amharic
Bulti Sudan Arabic
Nila Indonesia Bahasa Indonesia
Nila merah Indonesia Bahasa Indonesia
Nila Indonesia Batak Toba
Petit lapia Madagascar Creole, French
Petit lapia Mauritius Creole, French
Petit lapia Réunion Creole, French
Tilapia Madagascar Creole, French
Tilapia Mauritius Creole, French
Tilapia Réunion Creole, French
Tlamoun nilský Czech
Nil-mundruger Denmark Danish
Nilcichlide Denmark Danish
Sigir orok Kenya El Molo
Baringo tilapia Kenya English
Cichlid Ghana English
Edward tilapia Rwanda English
Mango fish Ghana English
Mozambique tilapia USA English
Nile tilapia English
Nile tilapia Fiji English
Nile tilapia Kenya English
Nile tilapia Mexico English
Nile tilapia Philippines English
Nile tilapia Puerto Rico English
Nile tilapia Rwanda English
Nile tilapia Taiwan English
Nile tilapia United Kingdom English
Nile tilapia USA English
Nile tilapia Zambia English
Nilotica Bangladesh English
Suguta tilapia Kenya English
Tilapia United Kingdom English
Turkana tilapia Kenya English
Niiluse vääristilaapia Estonia Estonian
Akpafiatsi Ghana Ewe
Gbolonu Ghana Ewe
Logokpa Ghana Ewe
Ekouni Gabon Fang
maleya Fiji Fijian
Niilintilapia Finland Finnish
Carpe Gabon French
Tilapia du Nil French
Tilapia du Nil France French
Tilapia du Nil Madagascar French
Tilapia du Nil Mauritius French
Tilapia du Nil Réunion French
Didee Ghana Ga
Baringo-Nilbuntbarsch Germany German
Lake Eduard-Nilbuntbarsch Germany German
Nil-Maulbrüter Germany German
Nilbuntbarsch Germany German
Tilapie Germany German
Nsogora Uganda Gungu
Bugu Nigeria Hausa
Falga Nigeria Hausa
Garagaza Nigeria Hausa
Gargaza Nigeria Hausa
Karfasa Nigeria Hausa
Amnun yeor Israel Hebrew
Ifunu Nigeria Igbo
Mpupa Nigeria Igbo
Tome Nigeria Ijo
Ukuobu Nigeria Ijo
Chikadai Japan Japanese
Tɛbɛnfin Burkina Faso Jula
Karwa Nigeria Kanuri
Trey tilapia chhnoht Cambodia Khmer
Biering-pill Chad Kim
Peng-pill Chad Kim
Salé Chad Kim
나일틸라피아 Korean
Nin Laos Laotian
Ngege Kenya Luo
Nyamami Kenya Luo
Ngege Kenya Luyia
Nila Indonesia Malay (individual language)
大鱗口孵非鯽 China Mandarin Chinese
大鳞口孵非鲫 China Mandarin Chinese
尼罗口孵非鲫(引进) China Mandarin Chinese
尼罗口孵鱼 China Mandarin Chinese
尼罗非鲫 China Mandarin Chinese
尼羅口孵非鯽(引進) China Mandarin Chinese
尼羅口孵魚 Taiwan Mandarin Chinese
尼羅非鯽 China Mandarin Chinese
巴林口孵非鯽 China Mandarin Chinese
巴林口孵非鲫 China Mandarin Chinese
格紋口孵非鯽 China Mandarin Chinese
格纹口孵非鲫 China Mandarin Chinese
沃氏口孵非鯽 China Mandarin Chinese
沃氏口孵非鲫 China Mandarin Chinese
菲洛口孵非鯽 China Mandarin Chinese
菲洛口孵非鲫 China Mandarin Chinese
萨格口孵非鲫 China Mandarin Chinese
薩格口孵非鯽 China Mandarin Chinese
Tilapiya Philippines Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug
Tegr-pere Burkina Faso Mòoré
Tsokungi Nigeria Nupe
Kihorno Uganda Nyoro
Ngege Uganda Nyoro
Qoroosoo Ethiopia Oromo
Tilapia nilowa Poland Polish
Tilapia Brazil Portuguese
Tilápia-do-nilo Brazil Portuguese
Tilápia-do-nilo Portugal Portuguese
Тилапия нильская Russian
Igihonda Rwanda Rwanda
Ingege y'inyamugera Rwanda Rwanda
Isake Rwanda Rwanda
Mojarra Mexico Spanish
Tilapia Ecuador Spanish
Tilapia Puerto Rico Spanish
Tilapia del Nilo Spanish
Tilapia del Nilo Mexico Spanish
Tilapia nilótica Mexico Spanish
Ngege Kenya Swahili (individual language)
Ngege Tanzania Swahili (individual language)
Ngege Uganda Swahili (individual language)
Perege Tanzania Swahili (individual language)
Sato Tanzania Swahili (individual language)
Uganda Uganda Swahili (individual language)
Munruvare Sweden Swedish
Niltilapia Sweden Swedish
Pla pla Philippines Tagalog
Tilapia Philippines Tagalog
Tilapia India Tamil
திலேப்பி India Tamil
Pla nil Thailand Thai
ปลานิล Thailand Thai
Kokine Kenya Turkana
Rogene Kenya Turkana
Israil çipurasi Turkey Turkish
Tatli su çipurasi Turkey Turkish
Tilapya Turkey Turkish
Cá Rô phi vằn Viet Nam Vietnamese
Rô phi Viet Nam Vietnamese
Wass Senegal Wolof
Epia Nigeria Yoruba
Kpakaru Sudan Zande

Kutipan

Froese R. & Pauly D. (eds) (2017). FishBase (version Feb 2017). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 2017 Annual Checklist (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Bailly N., Kirk P.M., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., Nieukerken E. van, Zarucchi J., Penev L., eds.). Digital resource at www.catalogueoflife.org/annual-checklist/2017. Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-884X.

Info database

Informasi ini disediakan oleh database FishBase. Anda bisa melihat informasi ini lebih detail melalui tautan http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/SpeciesSummary.php?ID=2

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