Ikan mas (Cyprinus carpio)

Ikan mas atau Ikan karper (Cyprinus carpio) adalah ikan air tawar yang bernilai ekonomis penting dan sudah tersebar luas di Indonesia. Di Indonesia, ikan mas mulai dipelihara sekitar tahun 1920-an. Ikan mas yang terdapat di Indonesia merupakan ikan mas yang dibawa dari Cina, Eropa, Taiwan dan Jepang. Selain itu "ikan mas punten" dan "ikan mas majalaya" merupakan hasil seleksi di Indonesia. Sampai saat ini sudah terdapat 10 ikan mas yang dapat diidentifikasi berdasarkan karakteristik morfologisnya.

Persebaran spesies

Europe to Asia: Black, Caspian and Aral Sea basins. Introduced throughout the world. Wild stocks are only present naturally in rivers draining to the Black, Caspian and Aral Sea (Ref. 59043). A reophilic wild population in the Danube is assumed to be the origin of the European species; this population is now under threat (Ref. 13696). 145444 0

Nama latin dalam sebutan lain (Sinonim)

Carpio carpio gibbosus (Kessler, 1856)
Carpio vulgaris Rapp, 1854
Cyprinus acuminatus (non Richardson, 1846)
Cyprinus acuminatus Heckel & Kner, 1858
Cyprinus alepidotus Bloch, 1784
Cyprinus angulatus Heckel, 1843
Cyprinus atrovirens Richardson, 1846
Cyprinus bithynicus Richardson, 1857
Cyprinus carpio anatolicus Hankó, 1925
Cyprinus carpio aralensis Spiczakow, 1935
Cyprinus carpio brevicirri Misik, 1958
Cyprinus carpio carpio Linnaeus, 1758
Cyprinus carpio caspicus Walbaum, 1792
Cyprinus carpio communis Anonymous
Cyprinus carpio elongatus Walecki, 1863
Cyprinus carpio fluviatilis Pravdin, 1945
Cyprinus carpio gibbosus Kessler, 1856
Cyprinus carpio haematopterus Martens, 1876
Cyprinus carpio haematopterus Martens, 1876
Cyprinus carpio lacustris Fitzinger, 1832
Cyprinus carpio longicirri Misik, 1958
Cyprinus carpio monstrosus Walecki, 1863
Cyprinus carpio oblongus Antipa, 1909
Cyprinus carpio specularis Lacepède, 1803
Cyprinus chinensis Basilewsky, 1855
Cyprinus cirrosus Schaeffer, 1760
Cyprinus conirostris Temminck & Schlegel, 1846
Cyprinus coriaceus Lacepède, 1803
Cyprinus elatus Bonaparte, 1836
Cyprinus festetitsii Bonaparte, 1845
Cyprinus hungaricus Heckel, 1837
Cyprinus macrolepidotus Hartmann, 1827
Cyprinus macrolepidotus Meidinger, 1794
Cyprinus mahuensis Liu & Ding, 1982
Cyprinus melanotus Temminck & Schlegel, 1846
Cyprinus nigroauratus (non Lacepède, 1803)
Cyprinus nordmannii Valenciennes, 1842
Cyprinus nudus Bloch, 1784
Cyprinus regina Bonaparte, 1836
Cyprinus regius Nau, 1791
Cyprinus rex Walbaum, 1792
Cyprinus rexcyprinorum Bloch, 1782
Cyprinus rondeletii Shaw, 1802
Cyprinus specularis Lacepède, 1803
Cyprinus thermalis Heckel, 1843
Cyprinus tossicole Elera, 1895
Cyprinus viridescens Lacepède, 1803
Cyprinus vittatus Valenciennes, 1842

Sebutan umum dalam berbagai bahasa

Sebutan Negara Bahasa
Karp South Africa Afrikaans
Krapi Albania Albanian
Krapuliq Albania Albanian
Lakeç Albania Albanian
Pendëkuqi Albania Albanian
Abba samuel Ethiopia Amharic
Tikure Ethiopia Amharic
Ameh Indonesia Bahasa Indonesia
Ikan mas Indonesia Bahasa Indonesia
Dengke Indonesia Batak Toba
Ihan mas Indonesia Batak Toba
Sharan Bulgaria Bulgarian
Shwe war nga gyin Myanmar Burmese
Lei ue Hong Kong Cantonese
Kapr mahujský Czech
Kapr obecný Czech
Karpe Denmark Danish
Læderkarpe Denmark Danish
Skælkarpe Denmark Danish
Spejlkarpe Denmark Danish
Karper Netherlands Dutch
Aischgrund carp English
Amur carp Russia English
Amur wild carp Mongolia English
Asian carp Australia English
Blubber lips Australia English
Calico carp Australia English
Carp Australia English
Carp Austria English
Carp Canada English
Carp Estonia English
Carp Hawaii English
Carp South Africa English
Carp United Kingdom English List of the Common and Scientific Names of Fishes of the British Isles.#J. Fish Biol. 65(Suppl. B):1-40.'
Carp USA English
Carp Zimbabwe English
Chinese carp Australia English
Common carp English
Common carp Australia English
Common carp Bangladesh English
Common carp Canada English
Common carp Hong Kong English
Common carp India English
Common carp Kenya English
Common carp Malaysia English
Common carp Mexico English
Common carp Myanmar English
Common carp Namibia English
Common carp Nepal English
Common carp Philippines English
Common carp Rwanda English
Common carp Sri Lanka English
Common carp Taiwan English
Common carp Thailand English
Common carp Uruguay English
Common carp USA English
Common carp Uzbekistan English
Edible carp Australia English
Euro Australia English
European carp Australia English
European carp Canada English
European carp USA English
German carp Australia English
German carp Canada English
German carp USA English
Grass carp Russia English
Great carp Australia English
Koi Hawaii English
Koi New Zealand English
Koi USA English
Koi carp Australia English
Leather carp Australia English
Leather carp Canada English
Leather carp USA English
Mirror carp English
Mirror carp Australia English
Mirror carp Canada English
Mirror carp Denmark English
Mirror carp India English
Mirror carp Sri Lanka English
Mirror carp USA English
Mud sucker Australia English
Nishiki-koi Australia English
Scale carp Bangladesh English
Scale carp India English
Wild carp Kazakhstan English
Wild carp Kyrgyzstan English
Wild Common Carp United Kingdom English
Harilik karpkala Estonia Estonian
Harilik sasaan Estonia Estonian
karpkala Estonia Estonian
كپور Iran Farsi
كپور رشتي Iran Farsi
كپور معمولي Iran Farsi
Karppi Finland Finnish
Carpat France French
Carpe Belgium French
Carpe Canada French
Carpe France French
Carpe Switzerland French
Carpe commune French
Carpe commune France French
Carpe cuir France French
Carpe Koï France French
Carpe miroir France French
Carpeau France French
Carpo France French
Escarpo France French
Feuille France French
Flusskarpfen France French
Karpenn France French
Kerpaille France French
Kerpe France French
Carban Ireland Gaelic, Irish
Donaukarpfe Germany German
Flußgründling Germany German
Karpe Germany German
Karpen Germany German
Karpf Germany German
Karpfen Austria German
Karpfen Germany German
Karpfen Switzerland German
Lederkarpfen Germany German
Mooskarpfen Germany German
Schuppenkarpfen Germany German
Seebinkel Germany German
Spiegelkarpfen Germany German
Weißfische Germany German
Wildkarpfen Austria German
Wildkarpfen Germany German
Zuchtkarpfen Austria German
Nishigoi Hawaii Hawaiian
Karpion Israel Hebrew
Ponty Hungary Hungarian
Karpar Iceland Icelandic
Carpa Italy Italian
Carpa Switzerland Italian
Koi Japan Japanese
コイ Japan Japanese
コイ(野生型) Japan Japanese
Punjabe gad India Kashmiri
Keatsrong Cambodia Khmer
Trey carp samahn Cambodia Khmer
Trey kap Cambodia Khmer
???????? Kyrgyzstan Kirghiz
Канылтыр, бакма канылтыр Kyrgyzstan Kirghiz
이스라엘잉어 Korean
잉어 Korean
Nai Laos Laotian
Pa nai Laos Laotian
Pba ni Laos Laotian
karpa Latvia Latvian
karpis Lithuania Lithuanian
Krap Serbia and Montenegro Macedonian
Ikan mas Indonesia Malay (individual language)
Lauk mas Indonesia Malay (individual language)
Leekoh Malaysia Malay (individual language)
Mas massan Indonesia Malay (individual language)
സൈപ്റന് India Malayalam
德国镜鲤(引进) China Mandarin Chinese
德國鏡鯉(引進) China Mandarin Chinese
西鯉 China Mandarin Chinese
西鲤 China Mandarin Chinese
馬湖鯉 China Mandarin Chinese
马湖鲤 China Mandarin Chinese
鮘仔 China Mandarin Chinese
鮘仔 Taiwan Mandarin Chinese
China Mandarin Chinese
Taiwan Mandarin Chinese
Mandarin Chinese
China Mandarin Chinese
Bongka'ong Philippines Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug
Siprinus India Marathi
Soneri masha India Marathi
Cyprinos Greece Modern Greek (1453-)
Grivadi Greece Modern Greek (1453-)
Kyprinos Greece Modern Greek (1453-)
Tarama Greece Modern Greek (1453-)
Γκοτζάρι Greece Modern Greek (1453-)
Γριβάδι Greece Modern Greek (1453-)
Ιταλικό Greece Modern Greek (1453-)
Ιταλός Greece Modern Greek (1453-)
Καρλόψαρο Greece Modern Greek (1453-)
Κυπρίνος Greece Modern Greek (1453-)
Μποτσικάρι Greece Modern Greek (1453-)
Σαζάνι Greece Modern Greek (1453-)
Τσάφα Greece Modern Greek (1453-)
Τσουκάνι Greece Modern Greek (1453-)
Karpe Norway Norwegian
Kapoor-e-Maamoli Iran Persian
Karp Poland Polish
Karp amurski a. sazan amurski Poland Polish
Karp dziki a. sazan Poland Polish
Carpa Portuguese
Carpa Brazil Portuguese
Carpa Portugal Portuguese
Carpa de escama Brazil Portuguese
Carpa-comum Brazil Portuguese
Sarmão Portuguese
Sarmão Portugal Portuguese
Sarote Germany Prussian, Old
Ciortan Romania Romanian
Ciortanica Romania Romanian
Ciortocrap Romania Romanian
Ciuciulean Romania Romanian
Crap Romania Romanian
Crapcean Romania Romanian
Olocari Romania Romanian
Saran Romania Romanian
Sulari Romania Romanian
Suloi Romania Romanian
Ulucari Romania Romanian
???? Kyrgyzstan Russian
Amurskii sazan Russia Russian
Amurskiy sazan Russia Russian
Karp Russia Russian
Sazan Azerbaijan Russian
Sazan Belarus Russian
Sazan Latvia Russian
Sazan Ukraine Russian
сазан амурский Russia Russian
Сазан(=карп) Russian
Сазан, карп Kyrgyzstan Russian
Inkuyu Rwanda Rwanda
Saran Serbia and Montenegro Serbian
Rata pethiya Sri Lanka Sinhalese
Kapor Slovakia Slovak
Carpa Spanish
Carpa Argentina Spanish
Carpa Chile Spanish
Carpa Uruguay Spanish
Carpa Asiática Argentina Spanish
Carpa barrigona Mexico Spanish
Carpa comun Spanish
Carpa comun Argentina Spanish
Carpa comun Ecuador Spanish
Carpa comun Mexico Spanish
Carpa de espejos Argentina Spanish
Carpa espejo Ecuador Spanish
Carpa espejo Mexico Spanish
Carpa germana Argentina Spanish
Karp Sweden Swedish
karpa Philippines Tagalog
Pla lee heu Thailand Thai
Pla lee ko Thailand Thai
Pla nai Thailand Thai
ปลาหลีฮื้อ Thailand Thai
ปลาหลีโก Thailand Thai
ปลาไน Thailand Thai
Adi pullu Turkey Turkish
Atamara Turkey Turkish
Sazan Turkey Turkish
Sazan baligi Turkey Turkish
Karp Ukraine Ukrainian
Korop Ukraine Ukrainian
Kapa South Africa Venda
Cá Chép Viet Nam Vietnamese
Cá day Cambodia Vietnamese
Cá gái Cambodia Vietnamese
Cá gáy Cambodia Vietnamese
Cerpyn UK Engld Wal Welsh

Kutipan

Froese R. & Pauly D. (eds) (2017). FishBase (version Feb 2017). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 2017 Annual Checklist (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Bailly N., Kirk P.M., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., Nieukerken E. van, Zarucchi J., Penev L., eds.). Digital resource at www.catalogueoflife.org/annual-checklist/2017. Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-884X.

Info database

Informasi ini disediakan oleh database FishBase. Anda bisa melihat informasi ini lebih detail melalui tautan http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/SpeciesSummary.php?ID=1450

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